2. Lineage of liberated souls since 5000 years – Guru parampara
By Shrīla Prabhupāda, Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Thākur
krishna hoite chatur-mukha, haya krishna-sevonmukha,
brahmā hoite nāradera mati,
nārada hoite vyāsa, mādhava kahe vyāsa dāsa
pūrnapragya padmanābha-gati (1)
In the beginning of creation Shrī Krishna spoke the science of devotional service to Lord Brahmā. He in turn passed these teachings on to Shrī Nārada Muni, who accepted Shrī Krishna Dvaipāyana Vyāsadeva as his disciple. Shrī Vyāsa transmitted this knowledge to Shrī Madhvāchārya, who is also known as Purnapragyān Tīrtha and who is the sole refuge for his disciple Shrī Padmanabha Tīrtha.
shishya boli’ angīkāra kare,
akshobhyera shishya ‘jaya-tīrtha’ nāme parichaya,
tāra’ra dāsye gyānasindhu tare (2)
Following forth from Shrī Mādhvāchārya were Nrihari Tīrtha, Shrī Mādhva Tīrtha, and then the swan-like Shrī Akshobhya Tīrtha. The principal disciple of Shrī Akshobhya Tīrtha was known as Shrī JayaTīrtha, and Shrī Gyāna Sindhu was his servant.
tā hā hoite dayānidhi, tā’ra dāsa vidyānidhi,
rājendra hoilo tā hā ha’te,
tā hāra kinkara ‘jaya- dharma’ nāme parichaya,
parāmparā jāno bhālo mate (3)
The paramparā continued with Shrī Dayānidhi, then his disciple Shrī Vidyānidhi, and next with Shrī Rājendra Tīrtha, whose servant was Shrī Jayadharma, also known as Shrī Vijayadhvaja Tīrtha. Know well that this is the guru-parāmparā, succession of gurus.
jaya-dharma-dāsye khyāti, śrī purushottama-jati,
tā’ ha’te brahmanya tīrtha sūri
vyāsa-tīrtha tā’ra dāsa, lakshmīpati vyāsa-dāsa,
tā hā ha’te mādhavendra-purī (4)
The sannyāsī Shrī Purushottama Tīrtha, a renowned disciple in the service of Shrī Jayadharma, was succeeded by the erudite Shrī Brahmanya Tīrtha. Next in succession was Shrī Vyāsa Tīrtha, who was succeeded by Shrī Lakshmīpati, who in turn was succeeded by Shrī Mādhavendra Purī.
mādhavendra-purī-vara shishya-vara shrī īshvara,
nityānanda, shrī advaita vibhu
īshvara purīke dhanya, korilena shrī chaitanya,
jagad-guru gaura mahāprabhu (5)
The most prominent disciples of the great Shrī Mādhavendra Purī were Shrī Īshvara Purī and the Avatārs Shrī Nityānanda Prabhu and Shrī Advaita Āchārya. Shrī Chaitanya Mahāprabhu, the Golden Lord and spiritual preceptor of all the worlds, made Īshvara Purī greatly fortunate by accepting him as His dīkshā-guru.
mahāprabhu shrī chaitanya, rādhā-krishna nahe anya,
vishvambhara-priyankara, shrī svarūpa-dāmodara,
shrī gosvāmī rūpa, sanātana (6)
Shrī Chaitanya Mahāprabhu, who is Rādhā and Krishna combined, is the very life of the Rūpanuga Vaishnavs (those who follow Shrī Rūpa Goswāmī). Shrī Svarūpa Dāmodara Goswāmī, Shrī Rūpa, and Shrī Sanātana Goswāmīs were the dearmost servants of Lord Vishvambhara (Shrī Chaitanya).
rūpa-priya mahājana, jīva, raghunātha hana,
tā’ra priya kavi krishnadāsa
krishnadāsa-priya-vara, narottama sevā-para,
jā’ra pada vishvanātha-āsha (7)
Dear to Shrī Rūpa Goswāmi were the great saintly personalities Shrī Jīva Gosvāmī and Śhrī Raghunātha dāsa Gosvāmī, whose intimate disciple was the great poet Śrī Krishna dāsa Kavirāj. The dearmost of Krishna dāsa was Śhrīla Narottama dāsa Ṭhākura, who was always engaged in guru-sevā. His lotus feet were the only hope and aspiration of Śrī Viśhvanātha Chakravartī Thākura
vishvanātha bhakta-sātha, baladeva, jagannātha,
tā’ra priya shrī bhaktivinoda,
mahā-bhāgavata-vara, shrī gaurakishora-vara,
hari-bhajanete jā’ra moda (8)
Prominent among the associates of Shrī Vishvānath Chakravartī Thākur was Shrī Baladeva Vidyābhūshan. After him, the line descended to Shrīla Jagannath dāsa Bābājī Mahārāj, who was the beloved shikshā-guru of Shrī Bhaktivinoda Thākur. Bhaktivinoda was the intimate friend of the great mahā-bhāgavat Shrīla Gaura-kishora dāsa Bābājī Mahārāj, whose sole delight was deep spiritual meditation in the eternal service of the Lord (hari-bhajan).
shrī vārshabhānavī-varā, sadā sevya-sevā-parā,
tā hāra ‘dayita-dāsa’ nāma (9)
Shrī Vārshabhānavī, the daughter of Shrī Vrishabhānu Mahārāj (Rādhā) is the best of Shrī Krishna’s beloveds, as She is forever engaged in loving service to Her worshipful Lord. Shrī Vārshabhānavī-dayita dāsa, the servant (dāsa) of Her beloved (dayita) is the name of Shrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Thākur Prabhupāda.
prabhupāda-antaranga, shrī svarūpa-rūpānuga,
shrī keshava bhakati-pragyāna
gaudīya vedānta-vettā, māyāvāda-tamohantā,
A confidential disciple of Shrīla Prabhupāda, Shrīla Bhakti Pragyān Keshav Goswāmī Mahārāj, was a faithful follower of Shrī Svarūpa Dāmodara and Shrī Rūpa Goswāmī. Through his knowledge of Gaudīya Vedānta, he annihilated the darkness of ignorance spread by Māyāvāda, impersonalism (the atrocious conception that we are all God and one with Him). He was the abode of preaching and practicing Shrī Gaurānga’s teachings (gaura-vānī) in his own life.
keshav priya mahājana, vāmana, nārāyan hana,
gauravānī tā’der prāna-dhana (12)
Most dear to Shrī Bhakti Pragyān Keshav Goswāmī are the saintly personalities Shrī Bhaktivedānta Vāmana Goswāmī and Shrī Bhaktivedānta Nārāyan Goswāmī, whose life’s treasure are the teachings of Gaurānga (gauravani).
ta’ra shishya aganana tara madhye preshtha hana
shrī bhakti pragyāna keshava
ta’ra shishya aganana tara madhye anyatama
shrī bhaktivedānta nārāyan (11)
Out of countless disciples of Prabhupāda, Shrīla Bhakti Pragyān Keshav Goswāmī was his dearmost. Out of countless disciples of Shrīla Bhakti Pragyān Keshav Mahārāj, the most prominent is Shrīla Bhaktivedānta Nārāyan Goswāmī Mahārāj.
ei saba harijana, gaurāngera nija-jana,
tā’dera ucchishte mora kāma (13)
I desire to honor the ucchishta, remnants, of all these personal associates of Lord Krishna and Shrī Chaitanya Mahāprabhu, in the form of the remnants of their teachings, their mercy in the form of realizations in the heart, and their leftovers in the form of mahā prasad, foodstuffs.
a as in ‘about,’ e as in ‘eddie,’ i as in ‘see,’ o as in ‘yoga,’ u as in ‘food, ai as in ‘bye,’ au as in ‘how,’ ā, ī, ū are pronounced the same only that longer.